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Bictegravir, Emtricitabine, and Tenofovir Alafenamide Tablets

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. DESCRIPTION 8. USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
2. INDICATIONS AND USAGE 9. OVERDOSAGE
3. DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION 10. MECHANISM OF ACTION
4. CONTRAINDICATIONS 11. PHARMACODYNAMICS
5. WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS 12. PHARMACOKINETICS
6. ADVERSE REACTIONS 13. HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING
7. DRUG INTERACTIONS

 


WARNING: POST TREATMENT ACUTE EXACERBATION OF HEPATITIS B

Severe acute exacerbations of hepatitis B have been reported in patients who are coinfected with HIV-1 and HBV and have discontinued products containing emtricitabine (FTC) and/or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), and may occur with discontinuation of BIKTARVY.

Closely monitor hepatic function with both clinical and laboratory follow-up for at least several months in patients who are coinfected with HIV-1 and HBV and discontinue BIKTARVY. If appropriate, anti-hepatitis B therapy may be warranted [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].


 

1. DESCRIPTION

BIKTARVY (bictegravir, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide) is a fixed dose combination tablet containing bictegravir (BIC), emtricitabine (FTC), and tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) for oral administration.

 BIC is an integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI).

 FTC, a synthetic nucleoside analog of cytidine, is an HIV nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitor (HIV NRTI).

 TAF, an HIV NRTI, is converted in vivo to tenofovir, an acyclic nucleoside phosphonate (nucleotide) analog of adenosine 5'-monophosphate.

Each tablet contains 50 mg of BIC (equivalent to 52.5 mg of bictegravir sodium), 200 mg of FTC, and 25 mg of TAF (equivalent to 28 mg of tenofovir alafenamide fumarate) and the following inactive ingredients: croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate, and microcrystalline cellulose. The tablets are film-coated with a coating material containing iron oxide black, iron oxide red, polyethylene glycol, polyvinyl alcohol, talc, and titanium dioxide.

Bictegravir: The chemical name of bictegravir sodium is 2,5-Methanopyrido[1’,2’:4,5]pyrazino[2,1-b][1,3]oxazepine-10-carboxamide, 2,3,4,5,7,9,13,13a-octahydro-8-hydroxy-7,9-dioxo-N-[(2,4,6-trifluorophenyl)methyl]-, sodium salt (1:1), (2R,5S,13aR)-. Bictegravir sodium has the following structural formula:

Empirical formula: C21H17F3N3NaO5 - Molecular weight: 471.4

Bictegravir sodium is an off-white to yellow solid with a solubility of 0.1 mg per mL in water at 20 °C.

Emtricitabine: The chemical name of FTC is 4-amino-5-fluoro-1-(2R-hydroxymethyl-1,3oxathiolan-5S-yl)-(1H)-pyrimidin-2-one. FTC is the (-)enantiomer of a thio analog of cytidine, which differs from other cytidine analogs in that it has a fluorine in the 5 position. FTC has the following structural formula:

Empirical formula: C8H10FN3O3S - Molecular weight: 247.2

FTC is a white to off-white powder with a solubility of approximately 112 mg per mL in water at 25 °C.

Tenofovir alafenamide: The chemical name of tenofovir alafenamide fumarate drug substance is L-alanine, N-[(S)-[[(1R)-2-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-1-methylethoxy]methyl]phenoxyphosphinyl]-, 1-methylethyl ester, (2E)-2-butenedioate (2:1). Tenofovir alafenamide fumarate the following structural formula:

Empirical formula: C21H29O5N6P•½(C4H4O4) - Molecular weight: 534.5

Tenofovir alafenamide fumarate is a white to off-white or tan powder with a solubility of 4.7 mg per mL in water at 20 °C.

2. INDICATIONS AND USAGE

BIKTARVY is indicated as a complete regimen for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection in adults who have no antiretroviral treatment history or to replace the current antiretroviral regimen in those who are virologically-suppressed (HIV-1 RNA less than 50 copies per mL) on a stable antiretroviral regimen for at least 3 months with no history of treatment failure and no known substitutions associated with resistance to the individual components of BIKTARVY.

3. DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

3.1 Testing When Initiating and During Treatment with BIKTARVY

Prior to or when initiating BIKTARVY, test patients for hepatitis B virus infection [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Prior to or when initiating BIKTARVY, and during treatment with BIKTARVY, assess serum creatinine, estimated creatinine clearance, urine glucose and urine protein in all patients as clinically appropriate. In patients with chronic kidney disease, also assess serum phosphorus [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

3.2 Recommended Dosage

BIKTARVY is a three-drug fixed dose combination product containing 50 mg of bictegravir (BIC), 200 mg of emtricitabine (FTC), and 25 mg of tenofovir alafenamide (TAF). The recommended dosage of BIKTARVY is one tablet taken orally once daily with or without food [see Clinical Pharmacology].

3.3 Not Recommended in Patients with Severe Renal Impairment

BIKTARVY is not recommended in patients with estimated creatinine clearance below 30 mL per minute [see Use in Specific Populations (8.6)].

3.4 Not Recommended in Patients with Severe Hepatic Impairment

BIKTARVY is not recommended in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class C) [see Use in Specific Populations (8.7) and Clinical Pharmacology].

4. CONTRAINDICATIONS

BIKTARVY is contraindicated to be co-administered with:

 dofetilide due to the potential for increased dofetilide plasma concentrations and associated serious and/or life-threatening events [see Drug Interactions (7.5)].

 rifampin due to decreased BIC plasma concentrations, which may result in the loss of therapeutic effect and development of resistance to BIKTARVY [see Drug Interactions (7.5)].

5. WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Severe Acute Exacerbation of Hepatitis B in Patients Coinfected with HIV-1 and HBV

Patients with HIV-1 should be tested for the presence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection before or when initiating antiretroviral therapy [see Dosage and Administration (3.1)].

Severe acute exacerbations of hepatitis B (e.g., liver decompensation and liver failure) have been reported in patients who are coinfected with HIV-1 and HBV and have discontinued products containing FTC and/or tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), and may occur with discontinuation of BIKTARVY. Patients coinfected with HIV-1 and HBV who discontinue BIKTARVY should be closely monitored with both clinical and laboratory follow-up for at least several months after stopping treatment. If appropriate, anti-hepatitis B therapy may be warranted, especially in patients with advanced liver disease or cirrhosis, since post-treatment exacerbation of hepatitis may lead to hepatic decompensation and liver failure.

5.2 Risk of Adverse Reactions or Loss of Virologic Response Due to Drug Interactions

The concomitant use of BIKTARVY with certain other drugs may result in known or potentially significant drug interactions, some of which may lead to [see Contraindications (4) and Drug Interactions (7.5)]:

 Loss of therapeutic effect of BIKTARVY and possible development of resistance.

 Possible clinically significant adverse reactions from greater exposures of concomitant drugs.

See Table 3 for steps to prevent or manage these possible and known significant drug interactions, including dosing recommendations. Consider the potential for drug interactions prior to and during BIKTARVY therapy; review concomitant medications during BIKTARVY therapy; and monitor for the adverse reactions associated with the concomitant drugs.

5.3 Immune Reconstitution Syndrome

Immune reconstitution syndrome has been reported in patients treated with combination antiretroviral therapy. During the initial phase of combination antiretroviral treatment, patients whose immune system responds may develop an inflammatory response to indolent or residual opportunistic infections [such as Mycobacterium avium infection, cytomegalovirus, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP), or tuberculosis], which may necessitate further evaluation and treatment.

Autoimmune disorders (such as Graves’ disease, polymyositis, and Guillain-Barré syndrome) have also been reported to occur in the setting of immune reconstitution; however, the time to onset is more variable, and can occur many months after initiation of treatment.

5.4 New Onset or Worsening Renal Impairment

Renal impairment, including cases of acute renal failure and Fanconi syndrome (renal tubular injury with severe hypophosphatemia), has been reported with the use of tenofovir prodrugs in both animal toxicology studies and human trials. In clinical trials of BIKTARVY, there have been no cases of Fanconi syndrome or Proximal Renal Tubulopathy (PRT). In clinical trials of BIKTARVY in subjects with no antiretroviral treatment history with eGFRs greater than 30 mL per minute, and in virologically suppressed subjects switched to BIKTARVY with eGFRs greater than 50 mL per minute, renal serious adverse events were encountered in less than 1% of subjects treated with BIKTARVY through Week 48 [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. BIKTARVY is not recommended in patients with estimated creatinine clearance below 30 mL per minute.

Patients taking tenofovir prodrugs who have impaired renal function and those taking nephrotoxic agents including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are at increased risk of developing renal-related adverse reactions.

Prior to or when initiating BIKTARVY, and during treatment with BIKTARVY, assess serum creatinine, estimated creatinine clearance, urine glucose and urine protein in all patients as clinically appropriate. In patients with chronic kidney disease, also assess serum phosphorus. Discontinue BIKTARVY in patients who develop clinically significant decreases in renal function or evidence of Fanconi syndrome.

5.5 Lactic Acidosis/Severe Hepatomegaly with Steatosis

Lactic acidosis and severe hepatomegaly with steatosis, including fatal cases, have been reported with the use of nucleoside analogs, including emtricitabine, a component of BIKTARVY, and tenofovir DF, another prodrug of tenofovir, alone or in combination with other antiretrovirals. Treatment with BIKTARVY should be suspended in any patient who develops clinical or laboratory findings suggestive of lactic acidosis or pronounced hepatotoxicity (which may include hepatomegaly and steatosis even in the absence of marked transaminase elevations).

6. ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following adverse reactions are discussed in other sections of the labeling:

 Severe Acute Exacerbations of Hepatitis B [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

 Immune Reconstitution Syndrome [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)].

 New Onset or Worsening Renal Impairment [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

 Lactic Acidosis/Severe Hepatomegaly with Steatosis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)].

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

Clinical Trials in Adults with No Antiretroviral Treatment History

The primary safety assessment of BIKTARVY was based on Week 48 data from two randomized, double-blind, active-controlled trials, Trial 1489 and Trial 1490, that enrolled 1274 HIV-1 infected adult subjects with no antiretroviral treatment history. A total of 634 subjects received one tablet of BIKTARVY once daily [see Clinical Studies].

The most common adverse reactions (all Grades) reported in at least 5% of subjects in the BIKTARVY group in either Trial 1489 or Trial 1490 were diarrhea, nausea, and headache. The proportion of subjects who discontinued treatment with BIKTARVY, abacavir [ABC]/dolutegravir [DTG]/ lamivudine [3TC]), or DTG + FTC/TAF, due to adverse events, regardless of severity, was 1%, 1%, and <1%, respectively. Table 1 displays the frequency of adverse reactions (all Grades) greater than or equal to 2% in the BIKTARVY group.

Table 1: Adverse Reactionsa (All Grades) Reported in ≥ 2% of HIV-1 Infected Adults with No Antiretroviral Treatment History Receiving BIKTARVY in Trials 1489 or 1490 (Week 48 analysis)

a. Frequencies of adverse reactions are based on all adverse events attributed to trial drugs by the investigator. No adverse reactions of Grade 2 or higher occurred in ≥ 1% of subjects treated with BIKTARVY.

Additional adverse reactions (all Grades) occurring in less than 2% of subjects administered BIKTARVY in Trials 1489 and 1490 included vomiting, flatulence, dyspepsia, abdominal pain, rash, and depression.

Suicidal ideation, suicide attempt, and depression suicidal occurred in <1% of subjects administered BIKTARVY; all events were serious and primarily occurred in subjects with a preexisting history of depression, prior suicide attempt or psychiatric illness.

The majority (87%) of adverse events associated with BIKTARVY were Grade 1.

Clinical Trials in Virologically Suppressed Adults

The safety of BIKTARVY in virologically-suppressed adults was based on Week 48 data from 282 subjects in a randomized, double-blind, active-controlled trial (Trial 1844) in which virologically-suppressed subjects were switched from either DTG + ABC/3TC or ABC/DTG/3TC to BIKTARVY; and Week 48 data from 290 subjects in an open-label, active-controlled trial in which virologically-suppressed subjects were switched from a regimen containing atazanavir (ATV) (given with cobicistat or ritonavir) or darunavir (DRV) (given with cobicistat or ritonavir) plus either FTC/TDF or ABC/3TC, to BIKTARVY (Trial 1878). Overall, the safety profile in virologically suppressed adult subjects in Trials 1844 and 1878 was similar to that in subjects with no antiretroviral treatment history [see Clinical Studies].

Laboratory Abnormalities

The frequency of laboratory abnormalities (Grades 3–4) occurring in at least 2% of subjects receiving BIKTARVY in Trials 1489 and 1490 are presented in Table 2.

Table 2: Laboratory Abnormalities (Grades 3–4) Reported in ≥ 2% of Subjects Receiving BIKTARVY in Trials 1489 or 1490 (Week 48 analysis)

ULN = Upper limit of normal

a. Frequencies are based on treatment-emergent laboratory abnormalities.

Changes in Serum Creatinine: BIC has been shown to increase serum creatinine due to inhibition of tubular secretion of creatinine without affecting renal glomerular function [see Clinical Pharmacology]. Increases in serum creatinine occurred by Week 4 of treatment and remained stable through Week 48. In Trials 1489 and 1490, median (Q1, Q3) serum creatinine increased by 0.10 (0.03, 0.17) mg per dL from baseline to Week 48 in the BIKTARVY group and was similar to the comparator groups who received ABC/DTG/3TC, or DTG + FTC/TAF. There were no discontinuations due to renal adverse events through Week 48 in BIKTARVY clinical trials.

Changes in Bilirubin: In Trials 1489 and 1490, total bilirubin increases were observed in 12% of subjects administered BIKTARVY through Week 48. Increases were primarily Grade 1 (1.0 to 1.5 x ULN) (9%) and Grade 2 (1.5 to 2.5 x ULN) (3%). Graded bilirubin increases in the ABC/DTG/3TC, and DTG + FTC/TAF groups, were 4% and 6%, respectively. Increases were primarily Grade 1 (3% ABC/DTG/3TC and 5% DTG + FTC/TAF) or Grade 2 (1% ABC/DTG/3TC and 1% DTG + FTC/TAF). There were no discontinuations due to hepatic adverse events through Week 48 in BIKTARVY clinical studies.

7. DRUG INTERACTIONS

7.1 Other Antiretroviral Medications

Because BIKTARVY is a complete regimen, coadministration with other antiretroviral medications for the treatment of HIV-1 infection is not recommended [see Indications and Usage (2)]. Comprehensive information regarding potential drug-drug interactions with other antiretroviral medications is not provided because the safety and efficacy of concomitant HIV-1 antiretroviral therapy is unknown.

7.2 Potential for BIKTARVY to Affect Other Drugs

BIC inhibits organic cation transporter 2 (OCT2) and multidrug and toxin extrusion transporter 1 (MATE1) in vitro. Coadministration of BIKTARVY with drugs that are substrates of OCT2 and MATE1 (e.g., dofetilide) may increase their plasma concentrations (see Table 3).

7.3 Potential Effect of Other Drugs on One or More Components of BIKTARVY

BIC is a substrate of CYP3A and UGT1A1. A drug that is a strong inducer of CYP3A and also an inducer of UGT1A1 can substantially decrease the plasma concentrations of BIC which may lead to loss of therapeutic effect of BIKTARVY and development of resistance [see Clinical Pharmacology].

The use of BIKTARVY with a drug that is a strong inhibitor of CYP3A and also an inhibitor of UGT1A1 may significantly increase the plasma concentrations of BIC (see Table 3).

TAF is a substrate of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP). Co-administration of drugs that inhibit P-gp and BCRP may increase the absorption and plasma concentrations of TAF [see Clinical Pharmacology]. Co-administration of drugs that induce P-gp activity are expected to decrease the absorption of TAF, resulting in decreased plasma concentration of TAF, which may lead to loss of therapeutic effect of BIKTARVY and development of resistance (see Table 3).

7.4 Drugs Affecting Renal Function

Because FTC and tenofovir are primarily excreted by the kidneys by a combination of glomerular filtration and active tubular secretion, coadministration of BIKTARVY with drugs that reduce renal function or compete for active tubular secretion may increase concentrations of FTC, tenofovir, and other renally eliminated drugs and this may increase the risk of adverse reactions. Some examples of drugs that are eliminated by active tubular secretion include, but are not limited to, acyclovir, cidofovir, ganciclovir, valacyclovir, valganciclovir, aminoglycosides (e.g., gentamicin), and high-dose or multiple NSAIDs [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)].

7.5 Established and Potentially Significant Drug Interactions

Table 3 provides a listing of established or potentially clinically significant drug interactions with recommended prevention or management strategies. The drug interactions described are based on studies conducted with either BIKTARVY, the components of BIKTARVY (BIC, FTC, and TAF) as individual agents, or are drug interactions that may occur with BIKTARVY [see Contraindications (4), Warnings and Precautions (5.2), and Clinical Pharmacology].

Table 3: Established and Potentially Significanta Drug Interactions: Alteration in Regimen May be Recommended

a. Table is not all inclusive.

b. ↑ = Increase, ↓ = Decrease.

c. Drug-drug interaction study was conducted with either BIKTARVY or its components as individual agents.

d. Strong inducer of CYP3Aand P-gp, and inducer of UGT1A1.

e. The induction potency of St. John’s wort may vary widely based on preparation.

7.6 Drugs without Clinically Significant Interactions with BIKTARVY

Based on drug interaction studies conducted with BIKTARVY or the components of BIKTARVY, no clinically significant drug interactions have been observed when BIKTARVY is combined with the following drugs: ethinyl estradiol, ledipasvir/sofosbuvir, midazolam, norgestimate, sertraline, sofosbuvir, sofosbuvir/velpatasvir, and sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir.

8. USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Pregnancy Exposure Registry

There is a pregnancy exposure registry that monitors pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to BIKTARVY during pregnancy. Healthcare providers are encouraged to register patients by calling the Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry (APR) at 1-800-258-4263.

Risk Summary

There are insufficient human data on the use of BIKTARVY during pregnancy to inform a drug-associated risk of birth defects and miscarriage. Bictegravir (BIC) and tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) use in women during pregnancy has not been evaluated; however, emtricitabine (FTC) use during pregnancy has been evaluated in a limited number of women reported to the APR. Available data from the APR show no difference in the overall risk of major birth defects for FTC compared with the background rate for major birth defects of 2.7% in a U.S. reference population of the Metropolitan Atlanta Congenital Defects Program (MACDP) (see Data). The rate of miscarriage is not reported in the APR. The estimated background rate of miscarriage in the clinically recognized pregnancies in the U.S. general population is 15-20%. Methodological limitations of the APR include the use of MACDP as the external comparator group. The MACDP population is not disease-specific, evaluates women and infants from a limited geographic area, and does not include outcomes for births that occurred at less than 20 weeks gestation.

In animal reproduction studies, no evidence of adverse developmental outcomes was observed with the components of BIKTARVY at exposures that were either not maternally toxic (rabbits) or greater than (rats and mice) those in humans at the recommended human dose (RHD) (see Data). During organogenesis, systemic exposures (AUC) to BIC were approximately 36 (rats) and 0.6 times (rabbits), to FTC were approximately 60 (mice) and 108 times (rabbits), and to TAF were approximately 2 (rats) and 78 times (rabbits) the exposure at the RHD of BIKTARVY. In rat pre/postnatal development studies, maternal systemic exposures (AUC) were 30 times (BIC), 60 times (FTC), and 19 times (TDF) the exposures of each component in humans at the RHD.

Data

Human Data

Emtricitabine: Based on prospective reports to the APR of 3,406 exposures to FTC- containing regimens during pregnancy resulting in live births (including 2,326 exposed in the first trimester and 1,080 exposed in the second/third trimester), there was no difference between FTC and overall birth defects compared with the background birth defect rate of 2.7% in the U.S. reference population of the MACDP. The prevalence of birth defects in live births was 2.3% (95% CI: 1.7% to 3.0%) with first trimester exposure to FTC-containing regimens and 2.0% (95% CI: 1.3% to 3.1%) with the second/third trimester exposure to FTC-containing regimens.

Animal Data

Bictegravir: BIC was administered orally to pregnant rats (5, 30, or 300 mg/kg/day) and rabbits (100, 300, or 1000 mg/kg/day) on gestation days 7 through 17, and 7 through 19, respectively. No adverse embryo-fetal effects were observed in rats and rabbits at BIC exposures (AUC) of up to approximately 36 (rats) and 0.6 (rabbits) times the exposure in humans at the RHD of BIKTARVY. Spontaneous abortion, increased clinical signs [fecal changes, thin body, and cold-to-touch], and decreased body weight were observed at a maternally toxic dose in rabbits (1000 mg/kg/day; approximately 1.4 times higher than human exposure at the RHD).

In a pre/postnatal development study, BIC was administered orally to pregnant rats (up to 300 mg/kg/day) from gestation days 6 to lactation/post-partum day 24. No significant adverse effects were observed in the offspring exposed daily from before birth (in utero) through lactation at maternal and pup exposures (AUC) of approximately 30 and 11 times higher, respectively, than human exposures at the RHD.

Emtricitabine: FTC was administered orally to pregnant mice (250, 500, or 1000 mg/kg/day) and rabbits (100, 300, or 1000 mg/kg/day) through organogenesis (on gestation days 6 through 15, and 7 through 19, respectively). No significant toxicological effects were observed in embryo-fetal toxicity studies performed with emtricitabine in mice at exposures approximately 60 times higher and in rabbits at approximately 108 times higher than human exposures at the RHD.

In a pre/postnatal development study with FTC, mice were administered doses up to 1000 mg/kg/day; no significant adverse effects directly related to drug were observed in the offspring exposed daily from before birth (in utero) through sexual maturity at daily exposures (AUC) of approximately 60 times higher than human exposures at the RHD.

Tenofovir alafenamide: TAF was administered orally to pregnant rats (25, 100, or 250 mg/kg/day) and rabbits (10, 30, or 100 mg/kg/day) through organogenesis (on gestation days 6 through 17, and 7 through 20, respectively). No adverse embryo-fetal effects were observed in rats and rabbits at TAF exposures of approximately 2 (rats) and 78 (rabbits) times higher than the exposure in humans at the recommended daily dose of BIKTARVY. TAF is rapidly converted to tenofovir; the observed tenofovir exposure in rats and rabbits were 55 (rats) and 86 (rabbits) times higher than human tenofovir exposures at the RHD. Since TAF is rapidly converted to tenofovir and lower tenofovir exposures in rats and mice were observed after TAF administration compared to TDF administration, a pre/postnatal development study in rats was conducted only with TDF. Doses up to 600 mg/kg/day were administered through lactation; no adverse effects were observed in the offspring on gestation day 7 [and lactation day 20] at tenofovir exposures of approximately 12 [19] times higher than the exposures in humans at the RHD of BIKTARVY.

8.2 Lactation

Risk Summary

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that HIV-1-infected mothers in the United States not breastfeed their infants to avoid risking postnatal transmission of HIV-1 infection.

It is not known whether BIKTARVY or all of the components of BIKTARVY are present in human breast milk, affects human milk production, or has effects on the breastfed infant. Based on published data, FTC has been shown to be present in human breast milk. BIC was detected in the plasma of nursing rat pups likely due to the presence of BIC in milk, and tenofovir has been shown to be present in the milk of lactating rats and rhesus monkeys after administration of TDF (see Data). It is unknown if TAF is present in animal milk.

Because of the potential for 1) HIV transmission (in HIV-negative infants); 2) developing viral resistance (in HIV-positive infants); and 3) adverse reactions in a breastfed infant similar to those seen in adults, instruct mothers not to breastfeed if they are receiving BIKTARVY.

Data

Animal Data

Bictegravir: BIC was detected in the plasma of nursing rat pups in the pre/postnatal development study (post-natal day 10), likely due to the presence of BIC in milk.

Tenofovir alafenamide: Studies in rats and monkeys have demonstrated that tenofovir is secreted in milk. Tenofovir was excreted into the milk of lactating rats following oral administration of TDF (up to 600 mg/kg/day) at up to approximately 24% of the median plasma concentration in the highest dosed animals at lactation day 11. Tenofovir was excreted into the milk of lactating monkeys following a single subcutaneous (30 mg/kg) dose of tenofovir at concentrations up to approximately 4% of plasma concentration, resulting in exposure (AUC) of approximately 20% of plasma exposure.

8.4 Pediatric Use

Safety and effectiveness of BIKTARVY in pediatric patients less than 18 years of age have not been established.

8.5 Geriatric Use

Clinical trials of BIKTARVY did not include sufficient numbers of subjects aged 65 and over to determine whether they respond differently from younger subjects.

8.6 Renal Impairment

BIKTARVY is not recommended in patients with severe renal impairment (estimated creatinine clearance (CLcr) below 30 mL per minute, estimated by Cockcroft-Gault (C-G). No dosage adjustment of BIKTARVY is recommended in patients with CLcr greater than or equal to 30 mL per minute [see Dosage and Administration (3.3)].

8.7 Hepatic Impairment

No dosage adjustment of BIKTARVY is recommended in patients with mild (Child-Pugh Class A) or moderate (Child-Pugh Class B) hepatic impairment. BIKTARVY has not been studied in patients with severe hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh Class C). Therefore, BIKTARVY is not recommended for use in patients with severe hepatic impairment [see Dosage and Administration (3.4) and Clinical Pharmacology].

9. OVERDOSAGE

No data are available on overdose of BIKTARVY in patients. If overdose occurs, monitor the patient for evidence of toxicity. Treatment of overdose with BIKTARVY consists of general supportive measures including monitoring of vital signs as well as observation of the clinical status of the patient.

Hemodialysis treatment removes approximately 30% of the FTC dose over a 3-hour dialysis period starting within 1.5 hours of FTC dosing (blood flow rate of 400 mL per minute and a dialysate flow rate of 600 mL per minute). It is not known whether FTC can be removed by peritoneal dialysis.

Tenofovir is efficiently removed by hemodialysis with an extraction coefficient of approximately 54%.

10. MECHANISM OF ACTION

BIKTARVY is a fixed dose combination of antiretroviral drugs bictegravir (BIC), emtricitabine (FTC), and tenofovir alafenamide (TAF).

Bictegravir: BIC inhibits the strand transfer activity of HIV-1 integrase (integrase strand transfer inhibitor; INSTI), an HIV-1 encoded enzyme that is required for viral replication. Inhibition of integrase prevents the integration of linear HIV-1 DNA into host genomic DNA, blocking the formation of the HIV-1 provirus and propagation of the virus.

Emtricitabine: FTC, a synthetic nucleoside analog of cytidine, is phosphorylated by cellular enzymes to form emtricitabine 5'-triphosphate. Emtricitabine 5'-triphosphate inhibits the activity of the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase by competing with the natural substrate deoxycytidine 5'-triphosphate and by being incorporated into nascent viral DNA which results in chain termination. Emtricitabine 5'-triphosphate is a weak inhibitor of mammalian DNA polymerases α, β, ε, and mitochondrial DNA polymerase γ.

Tenofovir Alafenamide: TAF is a phosphonamidate prodrug of tenofovir (2′-deoxyadenosine monophosphate analog). Plasma exposure to TAF allows for permeation into cells and then TAF is intracellularly converted to tenofovir through hydrolysis by cathepsin A. Tenofovir is subsequently phosphorylated by cellular kinases to the active metabolite tenofovir diphosphate. Tenofovir diphosphate inhibits HIV-1 replication through incorporation into viral DNA by the HIV reverse transcriptase, which results in DNA chain-termination. Tenofovir diphosphate is a weak inhibitor of mammalian DNA polymerases that include mitochondrial DNA polymerase γ and there is no evidence of toxicity to mitochondria in cell culture.

11. PHARMACODYNAMICS

Cardiac Electrophysiology

In a thorough QT/QTc trial in 48 healthy subjects, BIC at doses 1.5 and 6 times the recommended dose did not affect the QT/QTc interval and did not prolong the PR interval. In a thorough QT/QTc trial in 48 healthy subjects, TAF at the recommended dose or at a dose 5 times the recommended dose, did not affect the QT/QTc interval and did not prolong the PR interval. The effect of FTC on the QT interval is not known.

Effects on Serum Creatinine

Mean change from baseline in serum creatinine in healthy subjects who received BIC 75 mg (1.5 times the approved recommended dosage) once daily with food for 14 days was 0.1 mg per dL on Days 7 and 14 compared to placebo. BIC did not have a significant effect on the estimated creatinine clearance or on the actual glomerular filtration rate (determined by the clearance of probe drug, iohexol).

12. PHARMACOKINETICS

The pharmacokinetic (PK) properties of BIKTARVY components are provided in Table 4. The multiple dose PK parameters of BIKTARVY components (based on population pharmacokinetic analysis) are provided in Table 5.

Table 4: Pharmacokinetic Properties of the Components of BIKTARVY

PBMCs=peripheral blood mononuclear cells; CES1=carboxylesterase 1

a. Values reflect administration of BIKTARVY with or without food.

b. Values refer to geometric mean ratio [high-fat meal/ fasting] in PK parameters and (90% confidence interval). High fat meal is approximately 800 kcal, 50% fat.

c. t1/2 values refer to median (Q1, Q3) terminal plasma half-life. Note that the active metabolite of TAF, tenofovir diphosphate, has a half-life of 150-180 hours within PBMCs.

d. In vivo, TAF is hydrolyzed within cells to form tenofovir (major metabolite), which is phosphorylated to the active metabolite, tenofovir diphosphate. In vitro studies have shown that TAF is metabolized to tenofovir by cathepsin A in PBMCs and macrophages; and by CES1 in hepatocytes.

e. Dosing in mass balance studies: single dose administration of [14C] BIC; single dose administration of [14C] FTC after multiple dosing of FTC for ten days; single dose administration of [14C] TAF.

Table 5: Multiple Dose PK Parameters of BIC, FTC, and TAF Following Oral Administration of BIKTARVY in HIV-Infected Adults

CV=Coefficient of Variation; NA=Not Applicable

Specific Populations

Patients with Renal Impairment

No clinically relevant differences in the pharmacokinetics of BIC, TAF, or its metabolite tenofovir were observed between subjects with severe renal impairment (CLcr 15 to 29 mL per minute estimated by Cockcroft-Gault method) and healthy subjects.

Patients with Hepatic Impairment

Bictegravir: Clinically relevant changes in the pharmacokinetics of BIC were not observed in subjects with moderate (Child-Pugh Class B) hepatic impairment.

Emtricitabine: The pharmacokinetics of FTC has not been studied in subjects with hepatic impairment; however, FTC is not significantly metabolized by liver enzymes, so the impact of hepatic impairment should be limited.

Tenofovir Alafenamide: Clinically relevant changes in the pharmacokinetics of TAF or its metabolite tenofovir were not observed in subjects with mild or moderate (Child-Pugh Class A and B) hepatic impairment [see Use in Specific Populations (8.7)].

Hepatitis B and/or Hepatitis C Virus Coinfection

The pharmacokinetics of BIC, FTC, and TAF have not been evaluated in subjects coinfected with hepatitis B and/or C virus.

Geriatric Patients

The pharmacokinetics of BIC, FTC, and TAF have not been fully evaluated in the elderly (65 years of age and older). Population pharmacokinetics analysis of HIV-infected subjects in Phase 3 trials of BIKTARVY showed that age did not have a clinically relevant effect on exposures of BIC and TAF up to 74 years of age [see Use in Specific Populations (8.5)].

Race and Gender

No clinically relevant changes in the pharmacokinetics of BIC, FTC, and TAF were observed based on gender or race.

Drug Interaction Studies

As BIKTARVY is a complete regimen for the treatment of HIV-1 infection, comprehensive information regarding potential drug-drug interactions with other antiretroviral agents is not provided.

BIC is a substrate of CYP3A and UGT1A1.

BIC is an inhibitor of OCT2 and MATE1. At clinically relevant concentrations, BIC is not an inhibitor of hepatic transporters OATP1B1, OATP1B3, OCT1, BSEP, renal transporters OAT1 and OAT3, or CYP (including CYP3A) or UGT1A1 enzymes.

TAF is a substrate of P-gp and BCRP.

At clinically relevant concentrations, TAF is not an inhibitor of drug transporters P-gp, BCRP, hepatic transporters OATP1B1, OATP1B3, OCT1, BSEP, renal transporters OAT1, OAT3, OCT2, MATE1, or CYP (including CYP3A) or UGT1A1 enzymes.

Drug interaction studies were conducted with BIKTARVY or its components. Tables 6 and 7 summarize the pharmacokinetic effects of other drugs on BIC and TAF, respectively. Table 8 summarizes the pharmacokinetic effects of BIKTARVY or its components on other drugs.

Effect of Other Drugs on BIKTARVY Components

Table 6: Effect of Other Drugs on BICa

NA= Not Applicable

a. All interaction studies conducted in healthy volunteers.

b. Study conducted with additional voxilaprevir 100 mg to achieve voxilaprevir exposures expected in HCV-infected patients.

c. Maximum strength antacid contained 80 mg aluminum hydroxide, 80 mg magnesium hydroxide, and 8 mg simethicone, per mL.

d. Reference treatment administered under fasted conditions.

Table 7: Effect of Other Drugs on TAFa

NA= Not Applicable

a. All interaction studies conducted in healthy volunteers.

b. Study conducted with emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide.

c. Study conducted with additional voxilaprevir 100 mg to achieve voxilaprevir exposures expected in HCV-infected patients.

Effect of BIKTARVY Components on Other Drugs

Table 8: Effect of Components of BIKTARVY on Other Drugsa

NA= Not Applicable

a. All interaction studies conducted in healthy volunteers.

b. The predominant circulating nucleoside metabolite of sofosbuvir.

c. Study conducted with emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide.

d. Study conducted with elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide.

e. Study conducted with additional voxilaprevir 100 mg to achieve voxilaprevir exposures expected in HCV-infected patients.

13. HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

How Supplied:

BIKTARVY tablets are purplish brown, capsule-shaped, and film-coated with “GSI” debossed on one side and “9883” on the other side. Each bottle contains 30 tablets (NDC 61958-2501-1), a silica gel desiccant, polyester coil, and is closed with a child-resistant closure. Each BIKTARVY tablet contains 50 mg of bictegravir (BIC), 200 mg of emtricitabine (FTC), and 25 mg of tenofovir alafenamide (TAF).

Storage and Handling:

Store below 30 °C (86 °F).

 Keep container tightly closed.

 Dispense only in original container.

Rx only

Rev 02/18